About James Sweeney

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So far James Sweeney has created 864 blog entries.

Fiber: Are You Getting Enough? How to Get More (Infographic)

By |2017-12-04T23:58:58+00:00December 4th, 2017|

Most Americans, 90 percent of us, are missing something essential in their diets: fiber. A Cleveland Clinic study suggests that a diet high in cereal fibers such as oats, barley, and 100 percent whole grains can reduce the risk of heart disease, lower triglyceride levels, improve glycemic control and help you lose weight. “Yes, when you eat more fiber, [...]

Air pollution can increase asthma risk in adults, even at low levels

By |2017-12-04T23:49:24+00:00December 4th, 2017|

Living close to a busy road can be bad for your respiratory health if you are middle aged, new Australian research has found. A study published in the European Respiratory Journal found Australians aged 45-50 who lived less than 200 metres from a major road had a 50 per cent higher risk of asthma, wheeze and lower lung function [...]

Combination immunotherapy targets cancer resistance

By |2017-12-04T21:52:23+00:00December 4th, 2017|

Cancer immunotherapy drugs have had notable but limited success because in many cases, tumors develop resistance to treatment. But researchers at Yale and Stanford have identified an experimental antibody that overcomes this problem by targeting a wider range of immune cells linked to tumor growth. Existing cancer immunotherapies act on only a fraction of immune cells implicated [...]

NIH and partners launch HIV vaccine efficacy study Public-private partnership begins clinical trial in sub-Saharan Africa.

By |2017-12-04T18:58:35+00:00December 4th, 2017|

The National Institutes of Health and partners have launched a large clinical trial to assess whether an experimental HIV vaccine regimen is safe and able to prevent HIV infection. The new Phase 2b proof-of-concept study, called Imbokodo, aims to enroll 2,600 HIV-negative women in sub-Saharan Africa. Of 1.8 million new HIV infections worldwide in 2016, [...]

Treating Sleep Apnea Improves Long-Term Seizure Control in People with Epilepsy

By |2017-12-04T18:53:46+00:00December 4th, 2017|

Treating obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with epilepsy leads to better seizure control, according to the largest study to date looking at the association between this common sleep disorder and neurologic outcomes. The results were presented by Cleveland Clinic researchers at the 2017 annual meeting of the American Epilepsy Society in Washington, D.C. “It’s well established [...]

Influence of environmental conditions and pollution on the incidence of Streptococcus pneumoniae infections

By |2017-12-04T18:49:41+00:00December 4th, 2017|

Fossil fuel derived pollutants (SO2, NO), dry air and cold increase the incidence of S. pneumoniae infections http://ow.ly/RnLW30gogb1 To the Editor: Streptococcus pneumoniae colonizes a large percentage of the population and while it can cause mild respiratory infections it is also responsible for more severe illnesses, such as invasive pneumococcal disease. Patient co-morbidities, concomitant viral infection, low temperature and [...]

Holiday gift idea!

By |2017-12-04T18:40:38+00:00December 4th, 2017|

Anyone who practices hospital infection prevention knows how many “data gaps” exist—gaps that make it very difficult to decide which approaches ought to be implemented in your own facility. Should we institute a no-touch disinfection technology? Implement universal decolonization? Use gowns and gloves for all ICU patients? Spend money on an automated hand hygiene monitoring [...]

Antibiotic resistance: An old problem with new ramifications

By |2017-12-04T17:55:05+00:00December 4th, 2017|

(CNN)A post-antibiotic era is hardly an "apocalyptic fantasy," the World Health Organization has said. The idea that key antibiotics could be rendered useless against even minor infections "is instead a very real possibility for the 21st century." But the problem goes back much further. Researchers in France recently looked at historical samples of one salmonella strain [...]

Infant and Adult Inhalation Exposure to Resuspended Biological Particulate Matter

By |2017-12-04T17:37:33+00:00December 4th, 2017|

Abstract Human-induced resuspension of floor dust is a dynamic process that can serve as a major indoor source of biological particulate matter (bioPM). Inhalation exposure to the microbial and allergenic content of indoor dust is associated with adverse and protective health effects. This study evaluates infant and adult inhalation exposures and respiratory tract deposited dose [...]