Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a large and growing problem with the potential for enormous health and economic consequences, globally. As such, AMR has become a central issue at the top of the public health agenda of OECD countries and beyond. In this report, OECD used advanced techniques, including machine learning, ensemble modelling and a microsimulation model, to provide support for policy action in the human health sector. AMR rates are high and are projected to grow further, particularly for second- and third-line antibiotics, and if no effective action is taken this is forecasted to produce a significant health and economic burden in OECD and EU28 countries. This burden can be addressed by implementing effective public health initiatives. This report reviews policies currently in place in high-income countries and identifies a set of ‘best buys’ to tackle AMR that, if scaled up at the national level, would provide an affordable and cost-effective instrument in the fight against AMR.
PRESS RELEASE AND POLICY HIGHLIGHTS
- Press release (in English and French): Stopping antimicrobial resistance would cost just USD 2 per person a year – 2 USD par personne et par an suffiraient pour mettre un terme à la résistance aux antimicrobiens
- Read the Policy Brief
- Read the Executive Summary: in English, French, German, Italian, Japanese and Spanish
COUNTRY KEY FINDINGS
- France: in English and in French
- Germany: in English and in Deutsch
- Italy: in English and in Italian
- Netherlands: in English and in Dutch
- Spain: in English and in Spanish
- United Kingdom
- United States
CLICK TO DIRECTLY ACCESS TRENDS IN AMR PREVALENCE RATES 2005-2030
Notes: The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.
1. Footnote by Turkey: The information in this document with reference to « Cyprus » relates to the southern part of the Island. There is no single authority representing both Turkish and Greek Cypriot people on the Island. Turkey recognizes the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). Until a lasting and equitable solution is found within the context of the United Nations, Turkey shall preserve its position concerning the “Cyprus issue”.
2. Footnote by all the European Union Member States of the OECD and the European Union: The Republic of Cyprus is recognised by all members of the United Nations with the exception of Turkey. The information in this document relates to the area under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.
- Note prepared for the G20 on “Tackling Antimicrobial Resistance – Ensuring Sustainable R&D“
- Know more about the OECD work on Antimicrobial Resistance
- Read The Lancet Infectious Diseases article “Attributable deaths and disability-adjusted life-years caused by infections with antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the EU and the European Economic Area in 2015: a population-level modelling analysis” (published November 5, 2018)